Highwaymen—robbers who traveled on horseback—operated in Great Britain and Ireland until the early 19th century. Considered socially superior to those who robbed on foot, highwaymen were colloquially known as "knights" or "gentlemen" of the road, and some were viewed as Robin Hood-like heroes who robbed from the rich and helped the poor. […]
The False Decretals, a collection of documents that address church law, were composed between 847 and 852 and were intended to reform canon law and support bishops against secular interference. Though the collection was widely accepted in the Middle Ages, even by the papacy, it was exposed as a hoax in the 16th century. Many of the papal letters and decrees […]
King Philip's War was, proportionately, one of the bloodiest and costliest conflicts in America's history. By 1660, New England settlers had pushed into Native American territory in Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. To protect their lands, Wampanoag chief Metacom—also known as King Philip—organized a federation of tribes, which destroye […]
At 200,000, Argentina's Jewish community is the largest in Latin America. Sadly, during the 1990s in Buenos Aires, it became a target. In 1992, the Israeli Embassy was bombed. Two years later, the Argentine Israelite Mutual Association building was bombed, killing 85 and injuring hundreds. Argentine prosecutors have since accused the government of Iran […]
The Apollo-Soyuz Test Project was the first joint flight of the US and Soviet space programs. Its primary purpose was symbolic, to show that the two superpowers were easing the tensions of their Space Race. The two mission commanders exchanged the first international handshake in space through the open hatch of the Soyuz. Though American Deke Slayton had bee […]
The parking meter was invented in 1935 by Carl C. Magee in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The first meter was installed there later that year, guaranteeing drivers a parking space for an amount of purchased time. Used until the 1980s, Magee's original design had a coin acceptor, a dial, and a visible flag indicating the expiration of paid time. Reverend C.H. […]
Though remembered as a socialite, Brown was actually a working class girl who married a miner. She only became wealthy upon the success of her husband's engineering developments in the mining industry. In the sinking of the Titanic, Brown was lauded for helping to command a lifeboat and search for survivors. For her heroic efforts, she became known as […]
The young Ismail I went into hiding after his father's death and emerged at age 14 to proclaim himself Shah of Iran. Despite his youth, he was able to reunify Iran and establish the Safavid Empire, which remained intact until 1736. Ismail converted Iran from the Sunni to the Shi'a sect of Islam, drawing the ire of Selim I, the Sunni sultan of the O […]
Amundsen was a Norwegian polar explorer who led the first expeditions to traverse the Northwest Passage and to reach the South Pole. Turning to air exploration, in 1926 he and Umberto Nobile succeeded in flying over the North Pole and unexplored regions of the Arctic Ocean in a dirigible built and piloted by Nobile. A bitter controversy followed with Nobile […]
Golden Days is a celebration in Fairbanks, Alaska, of the discovery of gold here on July 22, 1902, and the Gold Rush days that followed. This is the largest summertime event in Alaska. The week of activities includes "Fairbanks in Bloom," billed as the farthest-north flower show, a rubber ducky race, beard and hairy-leg contests, drag races, a golf […]
At an altitude of 1,348 feet, Gaylord is one of the highest incorporated communities in Michigan. Gaylord receives nearly 150 inches of snow each year, and the town's annual Alpenfest is a celebration of summer. A highlight of the festival is the "Burning of the Boogg." People write their troubles on slips of paper and place them in the Boogg— […]
The pilgrimage to the church in Ville-Bonheur, Haiti, combines both Christian and Voodoo beliefs. There is a sacred grove just outside Ville-Bonheur where, according to legend, the Virgin Mary once appeared on top of a palm tree. At this holy place, known as Saut d'Eau (waterfall), two waterfalls tumble from a precipice more than 100 feet high to create […]
Definition: (noun) The system of numbering pages. Synonyms: folio, paging. Usage: The editions of Holy Writ are so numerous that he could hardly suppose that two copies would have the same pagination. Discuss
Definition: (noun) The act of expelling air from the lungs. Synonyms: breathing out, expiration. Usage: He drew the first whiff of smoke deep into his lungs and expelled it in a long and lingering exhalation.
A meteorite that crashed near the American Pacific coast on March 7, 2018 has been causing quite a stir for the past few days. NASA researcher Marc Fries is currently on a research expedition — he's looking for remains of the meteorite, which landed on the seabed ... Discuss
It turns out that Uranus is so weird because of a massive collision billions of years ago. A new study confirms that this collision with a huge object — which was approximately twice the size of Earth — could have led to the planet's extreme tilt and other odd ...
The koala is an unusual creature. Native to Australia and a bit bigger than a raccoon, it spends most of its time in eucalyptus trees, gorging on leaves that are toxic to nearly every other animal on the planet. The koala sleeps about 22 hours a day ...